Paa Kwesi Bekoe Amissah-Arthur (born 29 April 1951) is a Ghanaian economist, academic and politician who was the sixth Vice-President of Ghana, in office from 6 August 2012 until 7 January 2017, under President John Dramani Mahama. Previously he was Governor of the Bank of Ghana from 2009 to 2012.
He was sworn in as Vice-President on 6 August 2012, following vetting by the Parliament of Ghana. He was nominated by President John Dramani Mahama to be the vice-president a week after Mahama himself was sworn in.This followed the sudden death of John Atta Mills on 24 July 2012.
Amissah-Arthur was born at Cape Coast, the capital of the Central Region of Ghana. His mother is from the Hutchful family and his father is from the Amissah-Arthur family. Both families originated from Cape Coast. He completed his secondary education at the Mfantsipim School, where he obtained the GCE Ordinary Level in 1969 and the GCE Advanced Level in 1971. He proceeded to the University of Ghana at Legon, where he obtained the B.Sc. in 1974 and M.Sc. in 1976, both in Economics.